Reports of giants
Nearly every people on earth has its own creation mythology. Yet many of these narratives share an astonishing similarity that suggests the occurrence of the same primal event: Divine beings descended from heaven to earth, where they created modern man by endowing club-swinging primitive humans with the gift of self-knowledge. This allowed the gods to teach the human beings they had (newly) created, and to charge them with tasks and responsibilities.
The lore of fallen angels, biblical giants, etc., as recorded in holy scriptures, myths, and legends, tends to be dismissed by educated contemporaries as pure fantasy. At the same time, many of them claim to be religious and to pray regularly to their god. Even evolutionary biologists occasionally come out as deeply religious people. This surprises me, because their faith in God is based on the same ancient texts that talk of fallen angels, demons, and giants.
The following list is intended to provide an overview and does not claim to be scholarly or complete.
The first tablet of the Babylonian heroic epic from the clay tablet library of Ashurbanipal, which was created around 1200 BCE based on Sumerian and Akkadian transmissions from the third millennium BCE, includes the following description of Gilgamesh, the king of Uruk: He was two parts god and one part man. […] He was 11 cubits tall, his chest nine spans wide.
This two-thirds God seemed to be invincible. No wonder, because depending on which definition of cubit is used for the conversion, Gilgamesh would have been an inconceivable six meters (20 feet) tall.
The Bible says in Genesis 6:4: The Nephilim [giants] were on the earth in those days — and also afterward — when the sons of God went to the daughters of humans and had children by them.
The Ethiopian Book of Enoch, starting in chapter 6, also reports of angels (200 in number) coming down from heaven to the earth in order to produce descendants with human women, thus creating a race of giants. Not the sins of men, but the fallen angels and their bastards were the main reason why God sent the flood.
In the Bible, Numbers 13:32–33, Moses’s scouts report after their return from Canaan: All the people we saw there are of great size. We saw the Nephilim there (the descendants of Anak come from the Nephilim). We seemed like grasshoppers in our own eyes, and we looked the same to them.
In the Bible, Deuteronomy 3:11, we read about an Amorite king: Og king of Bashan was the last of the Rephaites [giants]. His bed was decorated with iron and was more than nine cubits long and four cubits wide.
An ancient Egyptian royal cubit equals 0.524 meters (20⅝ inches), which means that Og’s bedstead must have been 4.88 meters (16 feet) long.
Flavius Josephus, a Roman–Jewish historian from the first century BCE, wrote in his work The Antiquities of the Jews, book V, chapter 2, paragraph 3: [T]hey removed their camp to Hebron; and when they had taken it, they slew all the inhabitants. There were till then left the race of giants, who had bodies so large, and countenances so entirely different from other men, that they were surprising to the sight, and terrible to the hearing. The bones of these men are still shown to this very day, unlike to any credible relations of other men.
Pausanias, a historian in the second century CE, tells of the discovery of humanoid skeletons that are five meters (16 feet) tall in what is now Syria.
The Extensive Records of the Taiping Era tell the story of an emissary of Emperor Xuanzong of Tang, who, after a storm on high seas, was stranded on an unknown coast. There, he and numerous other castaways claim to have been greeted by giants with a body height of six meters (20 feet) and more.
In Greek mythology, Titans are considered to be the oldest Greek gods. The giants (Gigantes) are mixed creatures of humans, snakes. They are considered opponents of the Olympic gods.
In Germanic mythology, we encounter numerous gigantic gods. They are said to have lived in Jötunheimr (“home or the giants”) or Útgarðar (“outer place”).
Norse mythology tells of Odin, the supreme god and creator of the world, and the Æsir, the main gods of the Norse pantheon. The Æsir created the humans and actively intervened in their destiny. The Æsir were aided by the Vanir (natural gods). Both fought against the forces of evil, the dynasty of giants, who were determined to destroy the world and the gods.
According to Native American lore, the earliest humans were giants. In the 19th century, David Cusick wrote down the legends of his tribe. They tell of the people of Ronnongwetowanca, who are said to have been giants. Around 1000 BCE, there was a struggle between Cusick’s tribe, the Tuscarora, and the Ronnongwetowanca. The Tuscarora triumphed, and then there were no more giants.
The Cherokee report of giants twice as big as themselves. According to their mythology, there is also a secret place with a sculpture built for Tsul ’Kalu, a great hunter among these giants.
On the granite walls of the Havasu Canyon (part of the Grand Canyon), there is a mysterious line drawing of a giant fighting a mammoth. The depiction is covered with a layer of iron, which suggests a very old age.
In 1829, on a hotel construction site in Chesterville, Ohio, the skeleton of a giant was found. After detailed examinations, it was noted that the skeleton, although anatomically analogous to that of a modern human being, had more teeth. After the skeleton was sent to Mansfield for further investigation, it got lost.
In 1833, in Rancho Lompoc, California, soldiers digging a pit for a powder magazine found the skeleton of a giant, who is said to have been nearly four meters (12 feet) tall during his lifetime. Next to the strange creature, which reportedly had double rows of teeth, were a huge stone axe as well as rocks and shells with indecipherable symbols carved into them. After local Indians learned of the discovery, they stole the giant’s bones and burned them.
In 1877, in Kansas City, Missouri, a gigantic skull is said to have been found in a hill. The peculiar creature was allegedly over seven meters (25 feet) tall during its lifetime.
In 1877, in Eureka, Nevada, surveyors found a bone of a mighty humanoid being in a rock. Physicians who examined the petrification thought that the creature must have been about four meters (12 feet) tall. The rock where the bone was discovered was later estimated to be 185 million years old.
In 1891, in Crittenden, Arizona, construction workers digging a pit for the foundation of an office building discovered a huge stone coffin. It contained the mummified remains of a humanoid giant with a body height of at least four meters (12 feet). His bones had disintegrated, but drawings on the coffin depicted the giant.
In an Indian grave on a farm in Jackson, Ohio, gigantic skeletons were discovered in 1897. The finds were handed over to the Eastern Institute, after which they disappeared without a trace.
In 1909, in Iztapalapa, Mexico, the prehistoric skeleton of a humanoid giant was excavated. It is said to have been over 4.5 meters (15 feet) tall.
In 1923, in the Grand Canyon in Arizona, the bodies of two humanoid giants over five meters (16 feet) tall were reportedly discovered.
In 1926, in a Coalmine in Montana, miners found huge humanoid molars in a tunnel. Much to the surprise of archeologists and anthropologists, the teeth were stuck in a layer of rock that is at least 30 million years old.
In 1931, several skeletons of humanoid giants were found in the Humboldt Sink near Lovelock, Nevada.
In Italy in 1958, the complete humanoid skeleton of a giant was reportedly found, surrounded by an 11-million-year-old layer of coal.
In 1958, in a vineyard in West Virginia, workers found a decayed human body with a height of 3.3 meters (11 feet). The find was called a fake after a newspaper reported that three bullets were found in the skull. The bullets were not described in detail, nor is it known what happened to the remains after that.
In Minnesota in 1968, an enormous skeleton of a Neanderthal-like creature was excavated. However, a planned radiocarbon dating could not be carried out, because the skeleton disappeared without a trace on its way to the investigation.
List to be continued. Status of the report: February 2018.